After the United States did greatly increase its nuclear and conventional arms during the Korean Warthe Soviet leadership for its own domestic reasons made only a partial response. However, due to enormous costs and far too complex technology for its time, the project and research was cancelled.
While the international response to the detonation was muted[ citation needed ], domestic pressure within Pakistan began to build steam and Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif ordered the test, detonated 6 nuclear war weapons in a tit-for-tat fashion and to act as a deterrent.
On June 14,China detonated its first hydrogen bomb. Congress passed the Atomic Energy Act ofwhich prohibited multi-national cooperation on nuclear projects. Attention increasingly turned to the prevention of the proliferation of "weapons of mass destruction," that is, nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons, to states beyond those that already possessed them, continuing a process begun by the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty.
This treaty significantly reduced nuclear-related costs as well as the risk of nuclear war. Cornell University Press, In the early s both sides realized that something had to give.
In the west, NATO felt out-numbered as the table below shows and so had to place her faith in nuclear missiles. Their least-preferred outcome is the reverse. Both men were determined to achieve and maintain peace this time through military force, not any "scrap of paper.
Secretary of State John Foster Dulles announced the policy that came to be known as "massive retaliation" -- any major Soviet attack would be met with a massive nuclear response.
The fate of navies who fell behind in this arms race was dramatically illustrated in Manila Bay during the brief Spanish-American Warwhen a fleet of newer American warships obliterated an older Spanish fleet. This outcome illustrates the Nash equilibrium—named after American mathematician and Nobelist John F.
Few were in the mood to heed this warning, however, until the world came perilously close to nuclear war during the October Cuban Missile Crisis.
As tensions increased, Kennedy eventually ordered U. All atmospheric, underwater, and outer space nuclear testing were agreed to be halted, but countries were still allowed to test underground.
It ended at the Washington Conference of with the first major arms-limitation treaty ever and a new political settlement for East Asia.
Meanwhile in the United States congressional hearings chaired by Senator Gerald Nye in succeeded in convincing many Americans of the unlikely notion that the United States had essentially been tricked into entering World War I by domestic weapons manufacturers, the so-called "merchants of death.
This and other prewar arms races were widely blamed for the disaster that was the "Great War," and the years that followed saw a worldwide explosion of interest in arms control and even complete disarmament.
This is modeled by the following equations: As a result, ballistic missiles became sufficiently accurate and powerful to destroy targets km mi away.The nuclear arms race was central to the Cold War.
Many feared where the Cold War was going with the belief that the more nuclear weapons you had, the more powerful you were. Both America and Russia massively built up their stockpiles of nuclear weapons.
The world greatly changed when USA exploded the H-bomb in Added to this was the simple fact that, in the arms race, the United States had the much stronger economy. Part of the logic of proceeding with SDI was that, eventually, the arms race would cripple the Soviet economy.
This is in fact what was happening. The nuclear arms race was central to the Cold War. Many feared where the Cold War was going with the belief that the more nuclear weapons you had, the more powe.
ARMS RACE AND DISARMAMENT. The term "arms race" generally refers to peacetime competitions between states for military superiority.
Efforts to control or limit such competitions by mutual agreement are variously referred to as "arms control," "arms limitation," "arms reduction," or "disarmament.
The Cold War nuclear arms race between the United States and the Soviet Union is another example of a 20th-century arms race.
The United States’ use of nuclear weapons to end World War II led to a determined effort by the Soviet Union to acquire those weapons, leading to a long-running nuclear arms race between the two superpowers.
One example of an arms race is the “dreadnought” arms race between Germany and Britain prior to World War I. In the early 20th century, Germany as a rising power sought to challenge the United Kingdom’s traditional naval dominance.
In Britain launched a new, more-advanced warship, HMS.Download